Driving Emissions to Zero

California's Zero Emission Vehicle ÝZEV¨ program requires that starting in 2003, a portion of the new vehicles delivered for sale in the state must produce no emissions.

Driving Emissions to Zero

California's Zero Emission Vehicle ÝZEV¨ program requires that starting in 2003, a portion of the new vehicles delivered for sale in the state must produce no emissions. This study examines the costs and emission benefits of battery powered electric vehicles, direct hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles, and other advanced technology vehicles, such as gasoline hybrid electric vehicles, that manufacturers may use to satisfy program requirements. The authors find that the cost of battery-powered electric vehicles per ton of emissions reduced is very high and not likely to fall to reasonable levels any time soon, and that it is too early to tell whether direct hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, which show much promise, are an economical way to improve California's air quality. The study also evaluates California's goal of reducing the emissions of the state's light duty vehicle fleet to zero. It finds that federal air quality standards can be met without a zero emission fleet and that lower cost alternatives for improving air quality appear available. The authors conclude that instead of requiring manufacturers to meet emission reduction targets with particular vehicle technologies, California should eliminate the requirement for zero emission vehicles, tighten emission standards on light-duty vehicles, and focus on setting emission performance standards.

More Books:

Driving Emissions to Zero
Language: en
Pages: 139
Authors: Lloyd S. Dixon, Isaac Porche, Jonathan Kulick
Categories: Nature
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher: Rand Corporation

California's Zero Emission Vehicle ÝZEV¨ program requires that starting in 2003, a portion of the new vehicles delivered for sale in the state must produce no emissions. This study examines the costs and emission benefits of battery powered electric vehicles, direct hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles, and other advanced technology vehicles, such
Driving Emissions to Zero. Are the Benefits of California's Zero Emission Vehicle Program Worth the Costs?
Language: en
Pages: 155
Authors: Lloyd S. Dixon, Isaac Porche, Jonathan Kulick
Categories: Nature
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher:

The Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program is a controversial part of California's strategy for meeting federal air quality standards. The program has been significantly modified multiple times since it was adopted by the California Air Resources Board in 1990 and is currently being challenged in court. This report is an
Sustainable Mobility – Possibility of Zero Emission through Electric Mobility?
Language: en
Pages: 21
Authors: Cornelius M. P. Kiermasch
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-06-17 - Publisher: GRIN Verlag

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,3, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Department of Business Administration and Education), course: International Sustainability Management, language: English, abstract: Climate change and the negative impact that various human activities can have on our ecosystem are
Driving Down Emissions
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Infrastructure Victoria
Categories: Electronic books
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021 - Publisher:

Books about Driving Down Emissions
An Approach to Assessing the Technical Feasibility and Market Potential of a New Automotive Device
Language: en
Pages: 58
Authors: Rand Zero Emission Fuel Saver Study Team
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: Rand Corporation

Save the World Air (STWA) has developed magnet-based devices, including its Zero Emission Fuel Saver (ZEFS), that it claims can improve vehicle fuel economy and reduce emissions. These devices are designed to be fitted as original equipment onto internal combustion engines or to be retrofitted onto existing engines. STWA asked